Christ before Pilate, 1881
The Christ before Pilate painting represents a tripartite conflict: the conflict of Christ, Pilate, and the accusing Pharisees. The painting depicts Christ at the center with shoulder-length hair, clothe in a white robe, standing with bare feet, and looking directly at the Pilate. His hands are bounded by ropes. The Pilate is sitting on his throne, which is elevated on four steps. The throne shows a copper-colored arch with a pointed pediment; symbolic carvings are marked onto the throne. The Pilate is also wearing a white robe with red on the edges of the cloth. He is looking down with his hands on a gesturing manner. The Pilate is surrounded with several men wearing colored robes. Some of them are listening, looking at the Pilate and Christ. Some men portray a protesting manner, while some are huddled together, as in a gossiping manner. At the center background is a woman carrying a child, looking down at Christ. At the back of Christ, situated at the left side of the painting is a Roman soldier in uniform, holding a spear horizontally, and is looking at the crowd behind Christ. One man near the soldier, with bare feet, is raising his arms, as in a protesting manner. Several men are depicted on the background, talking, shouting, accusing, protesting, rejoicing, or just watching with sympathy.