Machu Picchu

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Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu is a 15th century Incan Citadel on top of a grass-covered mountain in the Andes Mountains in Peru. At one end of Machu Picchu, the mountain ridge it sets on juts up higher and continues away from the city at the height. The abandoned city’s high elevation often brings foggy mist or clouds hovering around the city or the peaks surrounding it.

The city itself is sprawled out on neatly-trimmed grass and is made of dry stone. From the highest level of the city down the peak a little ways to where the buildings eventually end, the ground is cut out to form flat levels that stair step down the mountain. On the top where the ground only has a slight slope, these flat levels are wide open spaces like large lawns with an occasional tree; the first three levels are in the shape of 90-degree angled corners, the sides reaching from two different parts of the city to meet in the middle. When the level drops down to a lower one, the space between is a rim of stone separating the grassy planes. These grassy planes get smaller and more like large steps as the slope of the mountain becomes greater.

The rows of stone that separate the levels are walls of varying heights and often run right into the stone buildings that are sprinkled all over the landscape in organized clusters. These buildings have small square or rectangle windows cut out, and most have no roof but are just made of the thick walls. However, the two shorter side walls of these buildings often rise straight up higher than the other walls to form triangles with slightly flat tops. As if the city isn’t captivating enough, from the city itself, visitors can enjoy breathtaking panoramic views of the rest of the Andes Mountains.