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Person standing at the base of a sequoia tree

Redwood trees and sequoia trees are very similar in that they are both massive and tall, reaching over 300 feet, and they can both be found in the same areas, typically in California. However, redwoods are usually taller and sequoias are usually thicker and larger, the largest being over 100 feet wide at its base.

The bark on the tall trunks of these trees is a cinnamon to dark brown color. As the trees can live up to two or three thousand years, the trees show their wear. At the bases, the larger sequoia trees have often split open to reveal a dark, jagged triangle-shaped hole, sometimes all the way through, that people can actually enter.

The trunks have many rough ridges and lumps as well as missing sections of bark here and there and are the same width for most of the length of the trunk. They only flare out slightly near the ground. The roots of some are large and knobby like elephant feet, whereas the roots of others look mostly like the rest of the trunk.

Both kinds of trees start their branches and leaves around halfway up their trunks. Most of the branches are the same length except for the slightly shorter ones at the very top, and they mostly stick straight out so that the tree appears to have flat layers of leaf-covered branches.

Standing at the base of these towering trees can easily have a humbling yet awe-inspiring effect.